What is Orthodox Church?

The Eastern Orthodox Church also called the Orthodox Church and Orthodoxy, is the second largest Christian church in the world, with an estimated 225–300 million adherents, primarily in the Balkans, Eastern Europe, and the Middle East.

It is the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church established by Jesus Christ in his Great Commission to the disciples almost 2,000 years ago.

The Church's structure is composed of several self-governing ecclesial bodies, each geographically and often nationally distinct but unified in theology and worship. Each self-governing body (autocephalous jurisdiction), often but not always encompassing a nation, is shepherded by a Holy Synod whose duty, among other things, is to preserve and teach the apostolic and patristic traditions and related church practices.



Christianity in Australia

Australia has a rich Christian heritage, dating from the sending of the First Fleet in 1788.
On 26th January Australians are celebrating ‘Australia’ Day’, which marks the arrival of the First Fleet at Port Jackson, now Sydney Harbour.
Rev Richard Johnson was selected to be the chaplain and brought thousands of Bibles and Christian literature with him. Shortly after arriving, Rev Johnson held a church service.

First Christian service in Australia
First Christian service in Australia

More information on Christian History Research Website


In April 1820, the first Orthodox service in Australia was held at Kirribilli Point (Sydney) by Fr. Dionisii, a Russian Orthodox chaplain.


Orthodoxy in Australia

According to 2011 Census, 563 100 people in Australia has declared Orthodox faith. This is 2.6% of Australia's population; Eastern Orthodox, if taken together, would be the fourth-largest Church in Australia, and is currently the fifth-largest Christian grouping in Australia (behind Catholicism, Anglicanism, Uniting, and Presbyterian/Reformed churches).


An article of Bishop Irinej Dobrijevic - History and Outreach: The Orthodox Churches in Oceania provides a lot of information about Orthodoxy in Australia and Oceania.


 Our Lady of Australia


Orthodox Jurisdictions in Australia


There is a number of Orthodox jurisdictions in Australia. Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia (ROCOR) is now part of Russian Orthodox Church. In Australia, both ROCOR and Moscow Patriarchate (MP) have its own parishes.

Parishes and monasteries outside Australia are not represented.


Jurisdiction Parishes
in Australia
Parishes in New Zealand Parishes in Fiji Monasteries in Australia Monasteries in Fiji and NZ Total count per jurisdiction Population
Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia 117  9 4 8 2 140 364,556 to ~750,000 (Archdiocesan estimate)
Serbian Orthodox Metropolitanate of Australia and New Zealand 41 3   4   48 42,405
Russian Orthodox Church (ROCOR and MP) 33 4   7   44 158,506
Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of Australia, New Zealand and the Philippines 26 6   0   32 43,500 to 123,000
Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of Australia and New Zealand 13 5   1   19 unknown
Consistory of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Australia and New Zealand 9 1   0   10 unknown
Bulgarian Eastern Orthodox Diocese in the USA, Canada and Australia 2 0   0   2 unknown




4 20 2    


Orthodoxy in New Zealand


Please refer here for information about Orthodoxy in New Zealand