Feasts and events calendar demonstrates:
1. Various parish celebrations, camps, fundraising events etc, separated by Australian states
2. Church feasts, using Old and Revised Calendars. For details on feasts, please read the information below.
For NSW events, you can subscribe to our newsletter: http://www.eepurl.com/bDyvdz
You can also check events here:
http://www.cycnsw.org.au/ Youth Commmittee NSW, Greek Orthodox Archdiocese
www.goyouth.org.au - Youth Commmittee Victoria and Tasmania, Greek Orthodox Archdiocese
http://www.soya.org.au/ Serbian Orthodox Youth
Within the Orthodox Church the feasts are divided between movable and immovable or fixed holy days. The movable holy days are determined by the date of Easter (Pascha), the most important of all feast days. The determination of the date of Easter was definitively regulated by the decision of the First Ecumenical Synod, held in Nicaea (325). Next in importance to Easter are the "twelve great feasts," of which three are movable.
All Orthodox churches in the world are celebrating Easter on the same day. Same applies to feasts linked to Easter: Entry to Jerusalem (1 week before Easter), The Ascension of Christ (40 days after Easter), Pentecost - The Holy Trinity Day (50 days after Easter).
Fixed-day feasts (like Christmas) are different. Churches of Jerusalem, Russia and Serbia, along with the monasteries on Mt. Athos, all continue to adhere to the Old Julian Calendar while all other Orthodox churches are now using the new Revised Julian calendar. Recently Polish Orthodox church switched back to Old Julian calendar.
Julian (Old) Calendar, Revised Julian (New) calendar and Gregorian calendar
In Orthodox church, the same fixed days and fast days are reckoned according to two distinct calendars, the Julian (Old) Calendar and the Revised Julian calendar or New calendar. The first is attributed to the Roman Emperor Julius Caesar, whose name it bears. It was introcued just before Nativity of Our Lord Jesus Christ, in year 45 BC.
Julian calendar was corrected in the sixteenth century by Pope Gregory XIII due to the ever-increasing discrepancy between calendar time and calculated astronomical time, creating Gregorian calendar - this is most commonly used civilian calendar today. The Julian calendar is currently 13 days behind the Gregorian calendar.
Instead of Gregorian Calendar, Orthodox chuch is using Revised Julian calendar created by serbian scientst Milanković.
|Feast||"Revised" Calendar||"Old" Julian Calendar|
|Baptism of Christ (Epiphany)||6 January||19 January|
|The Presentation of Christ||2 February||15 February|
|The Annunciation||25 March||7 April|
|The Entry into Jerusalem or Flowery/Willow/Palm Sunday||7 days before Pascha|
|Pascha (Easter)||5 April 2015, 27 March 2016 etc|
|The Ascension of Christ||40 days after Pascha|
|Pentecost||50 days after Pascha|
|Transfiguration||6 August||August 19|
|The Falling-asleep (Dormition or Assumption) of the Most-Holy Theotokos||15 August||28 August|
|The Nativity of the Most-Holy Theotokos||8 September||21 September|
|The Universal Exaltation (Elevation) of the Life-Creating Cross||14 September||27 September|
|The Entrance (Presentation) of the Theotokos into the Temple||21 November||4 December|
|The Nativity of Our Lord God and Savior Jesus Christ (Christmas)||25 December||7 January|
Orthodox Revised Julian calendar with lives of the Saints
Orthodox Old Julian Calendar
Another Orthodox Old Julian Calendar: